2~2 PABGAKA CbMta. The latter place has the advantage of being on the highroad, and is tolerably eqni-distant from east and west, the only points necessary to be con- sidered," on account of the extreme narrowness of the pargana from north to south. " Thus, its close proximity to the town of Kosi—only seven miles off—is rather an apparent than a real objection to the maintenance of Chhata as an administrative centre. The predominant classes in the population are Jats, Jadons, and Gaurua Thakurs of the Baclihal sub-division ; while several villages are occupied almost exclusively by the exceptional tribe of Aliivasis (see page 10) who are chiefly engaged in the salt trade. A large proportion of the land—though not quite to so great an extent as in Kosi—is still owned by the original Bhaiyachari communities ; and hence agrarian outrage oil a serious, scale is limited to the comparatively small area where, unfortunately, alienation has taken place, more by improvident private saless or well-deserved confiscation on account of the gravest political offences, than from any defect in the constitution or adminis- , £51 ' " tration of the law. The two largest estates thns acquired during the present century are enjoyed by non-residents, viz., the heirs of the Lala Babu (see page 258), who are natives of Calcutta, and the Kiini Sahib Kunvar, the widow of Raja Gobind Singh, who took his title from the town of Hathras, the old seat of the family, though she now lives with the young Rajd at Brinda-ban. Of resident landlords, the three largest all belong to the Dhusar caste, and are as follows : First, Kanhaiya Lai, Sukhvasi Lai, Bhajan Lai, and Bihari Lai, sons of Rim Bakhsh of Sahar, where they have property, as also at Bharauli and three other villages, yielding an annual profit of 11s. 3,536. Second, Munshi Nathu Lai, wko, for a time, was in Government service as tahsildar—with his son, Sardar Binh, also of Sahar, who have an assessable estate of Rs. 3,874, derived from Astoli, Tatar-pur, and shares in nine other villages ; Nathu Lai's father, Giridhar Lai, was sometime Munsif of Jalesar, and was descended from one Harsukh Rae, who received from Raja Suraj Mall the grant of Tatar-pur, with the title of Munslii? by which all the members of the family are still distinguished. Third in tlie list is Laid Syam Sundar Das, son of Shiu Sandy Mall, a man of far greater wealth—his annual profits being estimitcd at a lakh of rupees. He is the licad of a firm which has branch houses at Kanh-pur, Agra, and Amritsar, and other places, and owns the whole of the large village of ftTaugama and half of Taroli For many years he was on the worst possible terms with his tenants; but the dispute between them has at last been -amicably arranged, and during the recent famine the eldest son, Badri Prasad, came forward as one of the most HUeral landlords in the district.